Literature 20th Century 4

James Joyce by Alex Ehrenzweig  1915 restored
James Joyce by Alex Ehrenzweig 1915 restored. Public Domain

James Hanley claimed he was born in Dublin on 3 September 1901, but was actually born in Liverpool in 1897 to Irish parents. His novel Boy was the subject of an obscenity charge in Manchester in early 1936 – to which his publishers pleaded guilty and were heavily fined. The book was withdrawn and all remaining copies destroyed.– Irish Writers Online

Frank O’Connor Born in Cork on September 17, 1903 and baptised Michael John O’Donovan, Frank O’Connor was an only child that was raised in poverty by his father, Michael (Mick) O’Donovan, a former British soldier and alcoholic, and his mother, Minnie O’Connor. He was the author of over 150 works, and was best known for his short stories and memoirs. This excellent UCC site lists its O’Connor holdings, as well as a bibliography, photographic gallery and audio visual material. UCC

Patrick Kavanagh
(1904-67) is one of Ireland’s best-loved poets: when the Irish Times compiled a list of favourite Irish poems in 2000, ten of Kavanagh’s were in the top fifty, with only Yeats’s name appearing more frequently. Kavanagh rose to such literary pre-eminence from the humblest of backgrounds. Born in Inniskeen parish, Co. Monaghan, his father was a cobbler and a farmer of sixteen acres. – Poetry Archive

Patrick Kavanagh, 1904-1967 This site is dedicated to the work of the Irish poet Patrick Kavanagh, and includes Kavanagh’s Biography, Photos, Poems, and a list of Works in Print. The site also makes his uncollected poetry available to readers and students.It is maintained by the Trustees of the estate of his widow Katherine Kavanagh and is hosted on behalf of the Katherine Kavanagh Trust courtesy of Trinity College Dublin.

Samuel Beckett
was awarded The Nobel Prize in Literature 1969‘for his writing, which – in new forms for the novel and drama – in the destitution of modern man acquires its elevation‘. Includes Presentation Speech, by his French publisher, and Bio-bibliography. Nobel Prize.

The Samuel Beckett Endpage hosted by The Samuel Beckett Society, which is an international organization of scholars, students, directors, actors and others who share an interest in the work of Samuel Beckett. Honorary Trustees are Edward Beckett, John Calder, J. M. Coetzee, Raymond Federman, John Fletcher, James Knowlson, and Barney Rosset.– University of Antwerp

Samuel Beckett on YouTube. Excerpts and complete versions of many of Beckett’s works, the parts not necessarily in order. Includes a beautiful but tantalising 39 second excerpt from an interview with Beckett.

An example of a complete work is the beautiful short Come and Go

filmed for Beckett on Film. YouTube

The Beckett Country Exhibition The Beckett Country exhibition was donated to UCD in November 2007 by Professor Eoin O’Brien. Eoin O’Brien is a cardiologist and Professor of Molecular Pharmacology at UCD’s Conway institute. He is also a dedicated Beckett scholar, and the author of The Beckett Country, first published in 1986 in celebration of Beckett’s 80th Birthday. –Irish Virtual Research Library and Archive (includes conditions of use)

Fathoms from anywhere – A Samuel Becket Centenary Exhibition ’I don’t find solitude agonizing, on the contrary. Holes in paper open and take me fathoms from anywhere.’ So wrote Samuel Beckett to Nancy Cunard on 26 January 1959. That land–’fathoms from anywhere’–is like no other land in literature. –Harry Ransom Center, University of Texas, Austin.

Máirtín Ó Cadhain (1906 – 1970) was born and educated in Connemara, County Galway where he became a school-teacher. In the 1930s he joined the IRA and lost his teaching post because a local Catholic Bishop objected to Ó Cadhain’s republicanism. He became an IRA Recruiting Officer in Dublin and is said to have recruited Brendan Behan, among others. In 1938 Ó Cadhain was appointed to the IRA Army Council and published his first collection of short stories Idir Shúgradh agus Dáiríe in 1939. Searc’s Web Guide

John Hewitt (1907-1987)is remembered as the father figure and prophetic precursor of the current generation of Ulster poets.He began writing poetry in the 1920s and his first collection No Rebel Word was produced in 1948. During the 1940s and 1950s he broadcast talks and composed essays reflecting his interest in the idea of regionalism as it related to the arts in Ulster. – University of Ulster Libraries, John Hewitt Collection

Máirtín Ó Díreáin (1910 – 1988) Máirtín Ó Díreáin’s poems were all written in Irish, but many have been translated into English.Born the son of a small-farmer in Sruthán, Inishmore in the Aran Islands, Ó Díreáin spoke Irish only until his mid-teens. – Irish Writers Online

Flann O’Brien (1911-1966). Flann O’Brien’s real name was Brian O’Nolan. His English novels appeared under the name of Flann O’Brien, while his great Irish novel and his newspaper column (which appeared from 1940 to 1966) were signed Myles na gCopaleen or Myles na Gopaleen – the second being a phonetic rendering of the first. One of twelve brothers and sisters, he was born in 1911 in Strabane, County Tyrone, into an Irish-speaking family. His father had learned Irish while a young man during the Gaelic revival the son was later to mock. Scriptorium

Mary Lavin (1912-1996) was born in Massachusetts, USA, in 1912, but she lived in Ireland from 1921, at first in Athenry Co Galway, and later in Meath and Dublin. In 1992, Lavin was elected Saoi by the members of Aosdána for achieving ‘singular and sustained distinction‘ in literature. Irish Writers Online.

M.J. Molloy(1917–1994) Born in Co. Galway, nine of his plays premièred at the Abbey Theatre, Dublin, one at the Gate Theatre and one at the John Player Theatre, Dublin. Three plays were produced in London, three on Broadway in New York, and many were broadcast, televised and published.– Irish Writers Online

Eoghan Ó Tuairisc/Eugene Watters
(1919-1982) His work includes poetry, drama, short stories, novels, essays, and lectures in Irish and English.He was editor of Feasta from 1962 until 1965. His main works in fiction include L’Attaque; and An Lomnochtán. – Irish Writers Online

Robert Greacen (1920-2008) Poet, autobiographer. was born in Derry in 1920. – Irish Writers Online

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