History 19th Century

Part of The Irish Famine Memorial Boston
Part of The Irish Famine Memorial Boston

[Link to Creative Commons licence photo credit: debaird some rights reserved.]

Ireland: politics and administration, 1815–1870 * 1. The Act of Union
* 2. Daniel O’Connell and emancipation
* 3. Electoral reform
* 4. The Orange Order and sectarian politics
* 6. The Poor Law
* 8. Young Ireland
* 9. Government responses to the Famine
* 10. Fenianism
* 11. Liberal reforms.
– Christine Kinealy Multitext Project in Irish History, UCC

Act of Union Virtual Library The Act of Union Virtual Library is a unique collection of pamphlets, newspapers, parliamentary papers and manuscript material contemporary with the 1800 Act of Union between Ireland and Britain. The entire content is searchable bibliographically, the search results displaying individual images that can be browsed by turning the pages of each virtual book or document. A free text search is provided for the pamphlets and parliamentary papers. – Project Director:Dr Paul Ell The Centre for Data Digitisation and Analysis School of Sociology and Social Policy The Queen’s University of Belfast

Laws in Ireland for the Suppression of Popery (the Penal Laws) From the consolidation of English power in 1691 until well into the nineteenth century, religion was the gulf which divided the colonial rulers of Ireland from the native majority. This sectarian division resulted from deliberate government policy. It reached into political, economic, and personal life, through a series of statutes known as the Penal Laws. This site contains the texts of these laws. © 2000 M. Patricia Schaffer –Minnesota Lawschool Library

Agricultural Conditions in Ireland, 1760-1880 Ireland remained basically agrarian although there was some industry in the north, but the woollen industry was taxed almost out of existence in the early Eighteenth Century; the linen industry’s development was controlled from London – The Age of George III. A Web of English History. Dr Marjorie Bloy

Observations On The State Of Waterford 1813 by John Christian Curwen 1756-1828 Curwen was a renowned agriculturalist and parliamentarian, born 12th July 1756 in Cumberland. He was educated at Eton and Cambridge but did not take a degree. He became MP for Carlisle in 1786, and held the seat until 1812, and again in 1816-20. He represented Cumberland from 1820 until his death. He supported Catholic emancipation, parliamentary reform, and the repeal of the corn laws. –Waterford County Museum

Biddy Early The Magical Lady of Clare.Born in 1798 in Faha, Kilanena, Biddy O’Connor was the daughter of a poor farming family. At sixteen, she was sent to Feakle to work as a servant girl and later to Kilbarron to work for a doctor Dunne. –Clare County Library

The campaign for Catholic Emancipation, 1823–1829 ‘The Catholic question’—political equality for Roman Catholics—was the most divisive issue in British domestic politics in the first thirty years of the nineteenth century. Such concessions aroused profound fears for the constitutional stability of the state and arose from a deep religious prejudice. However, the pressing need to pacify Ireland and a more liberal climate of opinion in England in the late 1820s ensured that any legislation would, in time, be pushed through. Gillian M. Doherty & Tomás O’Riordan –Multitext Project in Irish History, UCC

Conacre This is a term used to describe land rented for the taking of a single crop, most commonly potatoes. – A Web of English History. Dr Marjorie Bloy

The condition of the labourers in Ireland (1845)In 1844 Sir Robert Peel had ordered an enquiry into conditions in Ireland, under the chairmanship of the Earl of Devon. The Report came too late to help the Irish population which was hard-hit by the potato blight of 1845. This is part of the original Report.– A Web of English History. Dr Marjorie Bloy

Daniel O’Connell The ‘Liberator’, lawyer, and politician. Daniel O’Connell was born on 6 August 1775, in Carhan near Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry. The O’Connells were a wealthy landed family. O’Connell spent much of his early life with his uncle, Maurice, at Derrynane House near Waterville, Co. Kerry. He was educated at a small boarding school near Cork and later he attended Saint-Omer (1791–2) and Douai (1792–3), two of the best Catholic schools in France. Tomás O’Riordan. –Multitext Project in Irish History

Daniel O’Connell (1775-1847)
Daniel O’Connell was born near Cahirciveen, Co. Kerry, on 6 August 1775. His wealthy childless uncle adopted him at an early age and brought him up at Derrynane. He spoke Irish and was interested in the traditional culture of song and story still strong in Kerry at the time. He also understood how the rural mind worked which served him well in later years. In 1791 he was sent to school at St. Omer and Douai and what he saw there of the French Revolution left him with a life-long hatred of violence. – Clare People part of Clare Library

Justice for Ireland Speech, 1836 On February 4, 1836, O’Connell gave this speech in the House of Commons calling for equal justice. –Internet Modern History Sourcebook, Fordham University

Ireland: society and economy, 1815–1870 * 1. Ireland in 1815 * 2. Agriculture & living standards * 3. Agricultural crisis and industrial decline * 4. The collapse of the wool and cotton industries * 5. Pre-famine crisis? * 7. The Great Famine * 8. Did the British government do enough? * 9. Post-famine adjustment. – Séan Connolly Multitext Project in Irish History

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