[ photo credit: debaird some rights reserved.]
Britain and Ireland, 1789-1801
The Irish could see that religious inequality had been abolished in France and that a democratic government had been set up. Irish Roman Catholics wanted equality; Irish Protestants wanted parliamentary reform. Both groups wanted economic reform.– The Victorian Web, Dr Bloy
The Origins of the Orange Order The Orange Institution, more commonly known as the Orange Order or the Orange Lodge, is a Protestant fraternal organisation based predominantly in Northern Ireland and Scotland with lodges throughout the Commonwealth and the United States. –Wikipedia
The DefendersThe Defenders were a militant, vigilante agrarian secret society in 18th century Ireland, who were involved in the United Irishmen rebellion of 1798. They originated in County Armagh in 1784, to protect Catholics from attack by the Protestant ‘Peep O’Day Boys‘. –Wikipedia
Defenderism in Leitrim in the 1790s The following is taken as exerpts from ‘Leitrim and the Croppies‘ by Gerard MacAtasney, 1998, published by Carrick-on-the-Shannon & District Historical Society, Carrick-on-the-Shannon, Co Leitrim. by Rev. Liam Kelly. – Michael McTiernan’s History of 8 Families website
The Scullabogue Massacre, 1798 Few events in modern Irish history, especially in the history of revolutionary nationalism, haunt the imagination like the massacre that took place in the townland of Scullabogue in southern County Wexford on June 5, 798. by Daniel Gahan. republished from History Ireland Autumn 1996 –part of Sean McGoldrick’s 1798 website.
Whitelaw’s 1798 Census of Dublin ‘Undeterred by the dread of infectious diseases, undismayed by degrees of filth, stench, and darkness inconceivable by those who have not experienced them, Revd William Whitelaw and his assistants explored, in the burning months of the summer of 1798, every room of these wretched habitations [of Dublin], from the cellar to the garret, and on the spot ascertained their population.‘ –part of Sean McGoldrick’s 1798 website