History 16th Century

Part of The Irish Famine Memorial Boston
Part of The Irish Famine Memorial Boston

[Link to Creative Commons licence photo credit: debaird some rights reserved.]

The Irish Chancery Rolls ProjectThe Irish Chancery Project is an IRCHSS-funded thematic project that seeks to advance our understanding of the ‘making of Ireland‘ between the high Middle Ages and the dawn of the modern era – one of the most formative periods in Ireland’s past – by publishing on the web and in print an English calendar of the rolls of the medieval Irish chancery, c.1216–1509. In 2011, the project investigators will launch a web-based calendar (in English) of the Irish chancery rolls –TCD

Earl of Desmond Gerald FitzGerald, 15th Earl of Desmond (c. 1533 – 11 November 1583) was leader of the Desmond Rebellions of 1579. He was the son of James FitzGerald, 14th Earl of Desmond, by his second wife More O’Carroll. – Wikipedia

Pirate Queen Grace O’Malley Biographical timeline of the life of Granuaule (Grace O’Malley) 1530-1603 by her biographer –Anne Chambers.

Battle of Glenmalure Gaelic clans from the Wicklow Mountains led by Fiach MacHugh O’Byrne and James Eustace, Viscount Baltinglas of the Pale, defeated an English army under Arthur Grey, 14th Baron Grey de Wilton, at the O’Byrne’s mountain stronghold of Glenmalure.

A View of the present State of Ireland. Edmund Spenser, 1596 BUT if that country of Ireland whence you lately came, be so goodly and commodious a soyle as you report, I wounder that no course is taken for the tourning therof to good uses, and reducing that salvage nation to better goverment and civillity. This edition is based on the HTML text in Renascence Editions published by Richard Bear (Rrbear@oregon.uoregon.edu) and copyrighted at the University of Oregon, January 1997. It is reproduced here with Richard Bear’s kind permission.– CELT

Shane O’Neill Seán Ó Néill (c. 1530 – June 2, 1567; known in English as Shane O’Neill, also as Shane the Proud) was an chief of the O’Neill clan of Ulster in the mid 16th century. His career was marked by his ambition to be The O’Neill – chief of the O’Neills. –Wikipedia

Shane O’Neill (1547-1567) The earl’s eldest legitimate son Shane, afterwards well known by the name of Shane-an-diomais or John the Proud, was a mere boy when Matthew was made baron. But now that he was come of age and understood his position, he claimed the right to be his father’’s heir and to succeed to the earldom, alleging that Matthew was not an O’Neill at all. From A Concise History of Ireland by P. W. Joyce. – Library Ireland

Red Hugh O’Donnell Aodh Ruadh Uî Domhnaill in Irish) (1572 – 10 September 1602) was Prince of Tyrconnell, who led a rebellion against English government in Ireland from 1593 and helped to lead the Nine Years War, a revolt against English occupation, from 1595 to 1603. – Wikipedia

Red Hugh O’Donnell
From A Concise History of Ireland by P. W. Joyce. – Library Ireland

Nine Years War (Irish: Cogadh na Naoi mBliana) took place from 1594 to 1603 and is also known as Tyrone’s Rebellion. It was fought between the forces of Gaelic Irish chieftains Hugh O’Neill, 2nd Earl of Tyrone, Hugh Roe O’Donnell and their allies, against the Elizabethan English government of Ireland. –Wikipedia

The life and times of Aodh O’Neill, prince of UlsterUnhappily, we know but little of Hugh O’Neill’s early life ; except that he lived sometimes in Ireland, but much frequented the English court; in his own country an Irish chief, in London a courtly nobleman; that he was high in favour with Elizabeth, being a youth of goodly presence and winning speech; that he was not very tall in stature, but powerfully made, able to endure much labour, watching, and hunger; that ’his industry was great, his soul large, and fit for the weightiest businesses’ – that he ’had much knowledge in military affairs, and a profound dissembling heart; so as many deemed him born either for the great good or ill of his country. – archive.org

Hugh O’Neill’s War AimsCELT

Nine Years War:The Battle of the Yellow FordIt was a shaken and demoralized English column that returned to its northern Irish base at Newry on the evening of May 28, 1595. On May 25, the 1,750-man force, under the command of Marshal Sir Henry Bagenal, had set out to resupply the besieged garrison at Monaghan castle some 20 miles to the west. Nominally, the Irish rebels investing the castle were led by Hugh Roe (or Red Hugh) O’Donnell, but rumor had it that they were actually being commanded by the Anglicized Irish lord on whom the English had counted to assist them against O’Donnell – Hugh O’Neill, the second Earl of Tyrone. –HistoryNet

State Papers, Ireland, Elizabeth, 1588, August–1592, September The period of which this Volume treats is from August 1588 to September 1592. The last concluded just as the arrival of the Spanish fleet off the Lizard was announced, and this commences with full details of the disasters which befell the retreating Spaniards along all the west coast of Ireland, from the Giant’s Causeway to Cape Clear, “where the ocean sea raiseth such a billow as can hardly be endured by the greatest ships.”–archive.org

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